Article types and requirements

The following article types are accepted:

Original Articles

Should be of high scientific value and novelty.

Should clearly define the purpose of the research, describe the methods used, contain adequate documentation of the results and clearly discuss the findings.

Short Communications

Should concern interesting, innovative results, obtained during ongoing research, that should be published quickly (it should not be just a simple and short original article).

Review Articles

Should be prepared by highly experienced experts (especially first author) in the field concerned and should refer to the most recent data (articles prepared by authors without extensive experience (supported by references) in a given field will not be accepted). Additionally, the Editorial Board will invite highly experienced and well-known scientists to publish review papers.


The manuscript must be written in good English – the language should be: accurate, concise, clear, objective, and grammatically correct. A proofreading certificate is particularly appreciated. The font for the main text must be Times New Roman (12 pts) double-spaced, with 2.5 cm margins throughout (for all sections, including references). Continuous line numbers must be added to the entire document.

The manuscript file (doc, docx) – as a complete article – should contain all tables, figures, graphs (with descriptions) and references. The length of the manuscript (including illustrations and references) should not exceed 30, 20 and 5 typed pages for a review article, original article and short communication, respectively. Additional pages are charged at a higher rate (See Publication fee).

Additionally, high-quality figures (jpg), graphs, tables, and their descriptions should be uploaded to the system as separate files. They will appear as the last pages of the created pdf file and are not included in the total length of the article.

Manuscript organization

A sample article file is available for download.

Considering the organization of the manuscript, all three types must include a title page. The title page of the manuscript must include the title; initial(s) and name(s) of author(s); affiliation(s) with address; abstract (written as a plain text and not exceeding 300 words); key words (up to six, alphabetical); author and email for correspondence.

An original article should conform to the following organization: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements (if any), References, Tables, Illustrations, Legends.

A short communication – the layout is the same as for an original article, except that the sections “Results” and “Discussion” should be combined into one section “Results and Discussion”.

A review article – on the first pages of the manuscript (before the title page) the authors should include: 1) A summary of the article with conclusions (max. 2 pages) 2) A reference list of published articles confirming the first author’s experience in the field concerned (providing the first author’s most recent and significant publications and other relevant experience).


Only references to papers published in scientific periodicals appearing regularly, books and book chapters, or abstracts published in regular journals (or supplements to regular journals) are accepted. No references to abstracts published in congress materials should be cited.

Citations are allowed in English only.

In the text, they should be given in brackets as follows: for one author (Jannoey 2021), for two authors (Palmeira and Ferreira 2020), for more than two authors (Tamhankar et al. 2019), for several articles cited simultaneously they should be listed in the order of publication date (Hammerum et al. 2014, Pérez-Etayo et al. 2018, Palmeira and Ferreira 2020). Johnson (2010) and Rodríguez-Pérez et al. (2016), when providing the author’s name in the body of the text, the date of publication should be given in brackets.

All references should be listed alphabetically at the end of the paper as follows:

Keast JR (1995) Pelvic ganglia. In: McLachlan EM (ed) Auton-omic ganglia. Harwood Academic Publishers, Luxembourg, pp 445-479.

Majewski M, Sienkiewicz W, Kaleczyc J, Mayer B, Czaja K, Lakomy M (1995) The distribution and co-localization of immunoreactivity to nitric oxide synthase, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and substance P within nerve fibres supplying bovine and porcine female genital organs. Cell Tissue Res 281: 445-464.

Swindle MM, Moody DC, Philips LD (1992) Swine as a model in biochemical research, 1st ed., Iowa State University Press, Ames.

Illustrations and tables

The number and size of illustrations must be consistent with the minimum requirements for clarification of the text. Numerical data given in graphs or tables should not be repeated in the text. Figures/graphs in the main article file should be composed in sets and marked accordingly. Instant lettering is recommended for any inscriptions on the micrographs, including figure numbers.

Color illustrations carry an additional charge (See Publication fee).

Legends must be concise and should provide a brief, self-sufficient explanation of the illustrations. In the manuscript, Legends should be typed double-spaced following the sets of illustrations.

Supplementary materials are not considered.

In Tables only row lines, not column lines, should be marked. Tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. The head of each table should provide a brief, self-sufficient explanation of its contents.